North Korea's Winged Horse 'Chollima Statue'
The Chollima Statue stands for the heroism and invincible fighting spirit of the Korean people. It stands for their ceaseless innovations and continuous advance at the speed of Chollima, the legendary winged horse that is said to cover a thousand ri in a day. It was completed on Mansu Hill on April 15,1961.
North Korea (1978) 10 Won (front) - Winged Horse 'Chollima Statue'
The statue stands 46 meters high (from the surface of the pavement to the top of the Red Letter.) The cast statue is 14 meters high and 16 meters long. Mounted on the winged horse are a worker in front and a young peasant woman behind. The worker who rushes ahead on the Chollima, holding high the "Red Letter" of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea, represents the working class of Korea. The peasant woman holding a large sheaf of rice in her arms symbolizes north Korea's fast advancing peasantry.
Source: The People's Korea
Chollima is the Korean name, literally meaning "Thousand Li Horse", for a mythical horse common to East Asian cultures and originating from Chinese classics. The horse is said to be too swift to be mounted. Chollima is often portrayed as a winged horse and several such statues are found in the North Korean capital Pyongyang.
It gave its name to the Chollima Movement, a state-sponsored movement in North Korea, analogous to the Chinese Great Leap Forward and to promote rapid economic development. As in other countries, the state planning mechanism allowed for the total utilisation of resources, hence resulting in rapid industrialisation.
However, after some time, the movement failed to continue to achieve the same outstanding results, because the capacity of the Labour supply was fully taken up, whilst technology and technique were still lacking. It remains today as a symbol for the supposed strength and might of the country, with many songs about the Chollima written.
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