The Teatro Nacional de Costa Rica (The National Theatre of Costa Rica) is located in the central section of San Jose. Construction began on the theatre in 1891, and it opened to the public on October 21, 1897 with a performance of Faust.
Costa Rica (1990) 5 Colones (back) – Ceiling Mural Painting Inside The Teatro Nacional titled “Alegoría del Cafe y Banano” (Allegory of Coffee and Bananas) by Aleardo Villa – a joyful harvest scene
The front of the theatre features statues of Calderon de la Barca and Ludwig van Beethoven. The inside of the theatre features the ceiling painting mural “Allegory of Coffee and Bananas” by Aleardo Villa. Wealthy coffee merchants raised import taxes to hire Belgian architects to design lavish building. It is not surprising that paintings depict coffee and bananas production.
The Teatro Nacional is the maximum representation of economical stability of the Nation, in a period of time when coffee exports were a round success. The use of this theatre is limited to high quality performances, undergoing a very selective process prior to admission for performing.
Performances by the National Symphonic Orchestra (OSN) take place at the theatre during OSN’s Regular Season, and include both costarrican and foreign composers. This is probably the one sort of performance that attracts the most public to the theatre, for its great quality and affordable prices.