Historical Figures

 

 

Honduras’s Lempira Named After Lempira, Captain Of The Lencas

Lempira (d. 1537) was a war captain of the Lencas of western Honduras in Central americas during the 1530s, when he led resistance to Francisco de Montejo’s attempts to conquer and incorporate the region into the province of Honduras.

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Honduras (1997) 1 Lempira (front) – Portrait of Lempira – Captain of the Lencas, Honduras during 1530s

Rate: 1 USD = 18.896 HNL (Honduras Lempira) (Source: Bloomberg 16 June 2008).

There are two very different historical accounts of Lempira. The first, by Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas (appearing in Historia general de los hechos de los castellanos…. , published in 1626 in Sevilla, Spain) identifies Lempira as a war captain appointed by Entipica, leader of the Cares, a named subgroup of the Lenca.

honduras_statue_of_lempiraStatue of Lempira in town of Erandique, Honduras

The first, by Antonio de Herrera and Tordesillas (appearing in General History of the facts of the Castilians …., published in 1626 in Seville, Spain) Lempira identifies as a war captain appointed by Entipica, leader of the Cares, a named subgroup of the Lenca. Herrera reports that Lempira, whose name means something like “Lord of the Mountains” in Lenca , commanded over 30,000 soldiers from over 200 different Lenca towns. Herrera reports that Lempira, whose name means something like “Lord of the Mountains” in Lenca, commanded over 30000 soldiers from over 200 different towns Lenca. In 1537, there are widespread indigenous uprisings in Honduras, and the Cares were one group that revolted against Spanish rule. In 1537, there are widespread indigenous uprisings in Honduras, and the car were one group that revolt against Spanish rule. The Spanish, on instruction from their Governor, Francisco de Montejo, attacked him at Cerquin, near Gracias a Dios. The Spanish, on instruction from the governor, Francisco de Montejo, attacked him at Cerquin, near Thank God. Lempira, according to Herrera, retreated to a fortified hill top where he resisted the Spanish for many months. Lempira, according to Herrera, retreated to a fortified hill top where he resisted the Spanish for many months. Finally, the Spanish lured him out to talk, and a concealed Spanish soldier with an arquebus shot and killed him. Finally, the Spanish lured him out to talk, and a concealed Spanish soldier with an arquebus shot and killed him. On seeing this, Herrera reports, the Lenca surrendered. On seeing this, Herrera reports, the Lenca surrendered. This is essentially the story as taught to Honduran children in school. This is essentially the story as taught to Honduran children in school. In the 1980s, the Honduran historian Mario Felipe Martínez Castillo discovered a very different account of Lempira in a document entitled Meritos y Servicios: Rodrigo Ruiz, Nueva España written in 1558 in Mexico City, and located in the Archivo General de Indias in Sevilla, Spain. In the 1980s, the Honduran historian Mario Felipe Martinez Castillo discovered a very different account of Lempira.. read full article below…

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article “Lempira (Cacique Lenca)”. Read the full article here.